The issue with psychological and psychiatric theory of emotions

Emotions-as-Effect Theory and Flow Chart.PDF (8700 words, new tab)

Draft version 2020-05-20a. This paper has not yet been peer reviewed.


“Goddess, sing me the anger, of Achilles, Peleus’ son, that fatal anger that brought countless sorrows on the Greeks and sent many valiant souls of warriors down to Hades, leaving their bodies as spoil for dogs and carrion birds: for thus was the will of Zeus brought to fulfilment” (Homer, 800-700/2009).  With these beginning words written almost 3000 years ago, Homer’s Iliad linguistically sabotaged hundreds of millions of years of emotional evolution. The civilized arena was staged for aberrant emotion driving destructive behavior needing emotional regulation and control because of emotional dysregulation and disorder. Emotions-as-effect theory reconstructs the evolutionary bases of good- and bad-feeling emotions as the perception, by consciousness, of biochemical physiology within the body and the brain precipitated by an evolved and nurtured cognitive neural circuitry. Emotions, feelings, and moods are perceptions of an internal state of biology precipitated by cognition. Homer’s emotions, feelings, and moods are a carefully nurtured neurolinguistic cognitive construct of the mind. Contrary to the linguistics of Homer, emotions are not causal, and they are neither destructive nor constructive; rather, they are indicators of the presence of very real destructive and constructive – and causal – cognitive behaviors. The correlations between cognition, a biochemical physiology of the brain and body, good- and bad-feeling emotions, and consciousness are a result of millions of years of evolutionary survival for the health and well-being of the individual. The question is, how will today’s ever-changing technical and political cultures and societies understand, nurture, and develop these same necessary correlations?

Keywords: cognition; evolution; emotional regulation; linguistics; well-being


Symbiotic Psychology defines emotions as a perceived effect of neurological and biological changes precipitated by cognitive processing activities of the mind.

Somewhere, sometime, somehow, academia must find some common ground.  Since I began voicing my concerns over psychological and pharmaceutical therapeutic methodologies erroneously based within causal aberrant and destructive emotions, over a million (MILLION) Americans have committed suicide, millions of other people have been put in incarcerating conditions that only amplify their psychological injuries, and mass shootings continue with no review of the psychological environments that are oblivious to emotions’ evolutionary design and that are fostering all of these atrocities.  Lack of true academic questioning and review of psychological and pharmaceutical emotional theory is a true crime against humanity.


“Captain” Andrew Jackson 2nd in command, at the helm with “First Mate” Barbie Jackson in charge, at the fore on the jib, racing their E-Scow with crew Peggy and Charlie. Andrew at 66 is the youngest and Barbie at 71 is the oldest of team Avanti. (photo courtesy of Tim Stanton)

The “science” of emotional regulation kept me imprisoned in a living hell.

My psychologist gave me a life sentence: psychotic mania of bizarre realities, listening to voices, and a split personality with blackout periods when someone else was at the helm.  And then there was the suicidal depression. I ‘awoke’ with a rope in my hand when a voice asked, “Can you go on?”  I said, “Yes,” and got myself to the mental hospital.

The “logic” of cognitive regulation through emotional guidance set me free.

Rather than demonizing emotions as aberrant, destructive, out-of-control and in need of regulation because of an emotional disorder, Symbiotic Psychology understands emotions as an evolved sensory system, akin to the sense of pain, giving conscious feedback of a state of biochemical physiology.  Emotions, instead of being regulated by cognitive behavior, are used to guide cognitive behavior for the health, well-being, and prosperity of the individual.


Andrew Jackson